This area is large and sparsely populated in comparison to the others. Most of the Karoo and West Coast region is arid semi-desert with the highest summer temperatures and extreme cold and dry in the winter months. Some areas are home to large herds of animals. The ten regions include some of the oldest settlements in South Africa where the first settlers found thousands of resident San (bushmen). Jews lived in towns which nestle in the beautiful mountains ranges, or are wellknown for the indigenous flowers known as fynbos. The discovery of diamonds brought wealth and immigrants to the country. The town of Mafikeng in Kalahari was the starting point of the Jameson Raid, Namaqualand is known for its floral beauty in Spring and the West Coast is home to commercial fishing.